ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE: Will this be the end of human race?

If the world enters a zombie apocalypse just like in The Walking Dead. Will some of us become a survivor like Rick Grimes? Or will we have our untimely death? In fact, here is a logical answer: if the lack of antibiotics and infection that could kill humans – majority will probably die of bacterial infections.

However, are we currently in this situation right now? Or have we humans been able to create enough pharmaceutical antibiotics to keep infections at bay. It might not look like it, but unfortunately we are in a current global crisis of antibiotic resistance.

This will be multi-series blog post featuring the threat of antibiotic resistance. A range of topics will be covered ranging from Canadian research to combat antibiotic resistance to the relevant impact on healthcare and its professions.

According to the World Health Organization [1], there is a higher proportion of antibiotic resistance bacteria than effective antibiotics. For the full information graph click here (in pdf format): infographic-antimicrobial-resistance-20140430(1)

Screen shot 2015-12-24 at 10.36.23 PM

In a nutshell, Antimicrobial Resistance threatens the effectiveness of antibiotic drugs for prevention and treatment, thus allowing for an increase rate of bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi infections.

Antimicrobial Resistance is a global concern – the inability to contain the spread of infection through a single host, a community or universally poses serious risk in jeopardizing the human race.

The facts of the current situation on antibiotics resistance that humans face present day and onwards:

“Antibiotic resistance is rising for many different pathogens that are threats to health, If we don’t act now, our medicine cabinet will be empty and we won’t have the antibiotics we need to save lives.” – said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. [2]

  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (April 2011), antibiotic resistance in the United States costs an estimated $20 billion a year in excess health care costs, $35 billion in other societal costs and more than 8 million additional days that people spend in the hospital [3].
  • By 2012, virtually all influenza A viruses circulating in humans were resistant to drugs frequently used for the prevention of influenza (amantadine and rimantadine)[1].
  • In 2013, there were about 480 000 new cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has been identified in 100 countries. MDR-TB requires treatment courses that are much longer and less effective than those for non-resistant TB[1].

[1] World Health Organization. (2015). Antimicrobial Resistance Fact Sheet. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/en/

[2]. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. (2011). Antimicrobial Resistance Quick Facts. https://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/antimicrobialresistance/understanding/Pages/quickFacts.aspx

[3]. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Antimicrobial Resistance Posing Growing Health Threat. http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2013/p0916-untreatable.html

Stay tuned for future blog series highlighting a range of interesting topics pertaining to antibiotic resistance!

Serena has earned a Honours B.Sc in Biochemistry at McMaster University in 2014. She is currently continuing her education to become a Medical Laboratory Technologist. Serena is a strong believer in the advocacy of science and its prospective research. As a future healthcare professional, she wants to be an educator in teaching the general society about the current healthcare crisis situations that we face today, to spark interest and hopefully solutions.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s